Dogs bring us immeasurable joy with their unconditional love, boundless energy, and furry companionship. However, for some, the difficulty of dealing with dog allergies can ruin that joy. These allergies can manifest in various ways and affect both dogs and humans. 

Understanding the different aspects of these allergies is critical for maintaining a healthy and harmonious relationship with our four-legged companions. 

In this blog, we look at the nine types of dog allergies, determine their symptoms, and offer suggestions for effective treatment strategies. Join us on the journey to ensure that the wagging tails in our lives bring us joy without causing sneezing or discomfort.

Key Takeaways:

  • Dog allergies, which affect both dogs and humans, can cause various problems that necessitate understanding and careful management.
  • Immune system reactions to environmental or dietary allergies cause skin, respiratory, and digestive problems in dogs.
  • In severe cases, specific allergen identification is critical for effective treatment, including observation, vet advice, and allergy testing.
  • Some examples include flea saliva allergies, seasonal allergies, insect bites, dog food allergies, airborne allergens, environmental allergies, and home allergies.
  • Treatment options include flea control, limiting allergen exposure, medications, and environmental controls.
  • Itching, hives, swelling, redness, diarrhea, vomiting, sneezing, itchy ears, chronic ear infections, runny eyes, and constant licking are all symptoms that must be recognized for prompt diagnosis and treatment.
  • Proactive management promotes overall well-being, such as regular cleaning and creating allergen-free zones at home.
  • Genetic health guarantees, DNA testing, and careful breeding practices ensure puppy well-being and owners’ peace of mind.

What Are Dog Allergies? 

What Are Dog Allergies? 

Dog allergies are immune system side effects caused by certain substances or allergens in the dog’s environment or diet. Allergies can manifest in various ways, affecting the dog’s skin, respiratory tract, or digestive tract. Specific proteins found in foods, pollen, mold spores, dust mites, and even flea saliva are common allergens. 

Itching, redness, and inflammation, as well as sneezing, coughing, and digestive issues, are all possible symptoms. Identification of the specific allergen is required for effective treatment. While some allergies are inherited, others develop over time. 

Careful observation, vet advice, and, in more severe cases, allergy testing can help identify triggers and develop personalized treatment plans to reduce discomfort and improve our four-legged companions’ overall well-being.

  • Flea Saliva Allergy Dermatitis

Flea Saliva Allergy Dermatitis

Flea saliva allergy dermatitis (FAD) is a condition in which pets, particularly dogs and cats, develop an allergic reaction to proteins found in flea saliva. Severe itching, skin inflammation, and other dermatological problems can result from an allergic reaction. 

The primary goal of treating flea saliva allergy dermatitis is to control the allergic reaction while eliminating the fleas.


Flea saliva allergy dermatitis treatment includes addressing the symptoms and the underlying cause. Use flea control products for your pet, such as topical treatments or oral medications. To relieve itching, use antihistamines or corticosteroids. 

Consult a veterinarian for a personalized treatment plan, including antibiotics, if secondary infections develop. Regular cleaning and vacuuming can help keep fleas at bay.

  • Seasonal Allergies

Seasonal Allergies

Seasonal allergies, also known as allergic rhinitis or hay fever, are caused by various allergens, including pollen, mold spores, and grasses. Common symptoms include sneezing, itching, a stuffy nose, and watery eyes. 


Seasonal allergies in dogs can be treated by limiting their exposure to allergens like pollen or mold. To relieve symptoms, consult a veterinarian about antihistamines or corticosteroids. Medicated shampoos and hypoallergenic diets can be beneficial. 

Immunotherapy may be recommended in more severe cases. Regular care and cleaning of pups can also help to reduce allergen exposure.

  • Insect Bites And Stings

Insect Bites And Stings

When insects inject venom or saliva into the skin, it causes bites and stings. Redness, swelling, itching, and pain are the most common symptoms. Although the majority of reactions are mild, some people may have severe allergic reactions that necessitate immediate medical attention.


Insect bites and stings in dogs can cause redness, swelling, and discomfort. Use tweezers to remove stingers or ticks, then clean the area and apply a cold compress. Human insect repellents should be avoided. 

Inquire with the vet about prescribed antihistamines or creams. Anaphylactic symptoms, such as difficulty breathing or swelling, necessitate immediate veterinary care.

  • Dog Food Allergies

Dog Food Allergies

A dog food allergy occurs when the dog’s immune system reacts negatively to certain ingredients in the dog’s food. Dogs, like humans, can develop allergies to specific proteins, grains, or other ingredients found in commercial dog foods. Food allergies in dogs must be identified and treated as soon as possible.


Changing your dog’s protein source regularly can help prevent allergy development. Introduce new foods gradually to see how your dog reacts. Selecting dog food with fewer artificial additives and fewer ingredients can lower the risk of allergies.

  • Airborne Allergens

Airborne Allergens

Airborne allergens can affect dogs in the same way that they can humans. Dogs can be sensitive to various airborne particles, and exposure to these allergens can result in allergic reactions.


Bathing and grooming your dog regularly can help reduce the number of allergens in his fur. Cleaning your house regularly, including vacuuming and dusting, can help to reduce the amount of allergens in the air. 

Limiting your dog’s outdoor activities during peak season can help reduce exposure to airborne allergens. Using HEPA-filtered air purifiers can help capture and remove particles from the air.

  • Environmental Allergies

Environmental Allergies

Environmental allergies in dogs, also known as atopy or allergic dermatitis, occur when a dog’s immune system reacts to environmental substances. Typically, these allergens are inhaled or come into contact with the skin.


Bathing and grooming the dog regularly can help remove allergens from the coat. Regular cleaning, such as vacuuming and dusting, can help to reduce allergen levels in the home. 

Reduce a dog’s exposure to known allergens, such as during peak season, and avoid areas with high pollen levels. The risk of allergic reactions to flea bites can be reduced by preventing and treating flea infestations.

  • Home Allergies

Home Allergies

Home allergies in dogs are allergic reactions caused by substances or conditions found in the home. Dogs, like humans, can be sensitive to various allergens found indoors.


Regular cleaning, such as vacuuming, dusting, and washing bedding, can help to reduce allergen levels in the home. To reduce allergens, use hypoallergenic cleaning products, detergents, and linens. To reduce indoor air pollutants, make sure your home has enough airflow. Create allergen-free zones for your dog to retreat to if necessary.

  • Prescription Drugs

Prescription Drugs

Certain prescription medications can cause allergic reactions in dogs like humans. An allergic reaction occurs when the immune system reacts negatively to a substance, such as a medication. 

Dog owners must be vigilant and aware of potential signs of drug allergies, as these reactions can range from mild to severe.


Your veterinarian might suggest allergy testing before prescribing medication if your dog has a history of allergies. Your veterinarian might recommend gradually introducing a new medication to monitor for side effects. While taking medication, watch your dog for signs of discomfort, behavioral changes, or allergic reactions.

  • Medicated Shampoo

Medicated Shampoo

Allergies in dogs can develop from various substances, including ingredients in medicated shampoos. Veterinarians frequently prescribe medicated shampoos to treat specific skin conditions such as dermatitis, infections, or allergies. 

While these shampoos can help with some issues, a dog may have an adverse reaction or develop an allergy to the ingredients in the shampoo.


Before using a medicated shampoo on your entire body, perform a patch test on a small area of your dog’s skin to check for side effects. Follow your veterinarian’s recommendations for shampoo usage frequency and duration. 

If your dog has a history of skin sensitivities or allergies, talk to your vet about using hypoallergenic or mild shampoos.

Symptoms of Allergies in Dogs


Recognizing allergies in dogs is critical to their overall health. Allergic reactions in dogs can manifest in various ways, affecting the skin, respiratory system, and overall behavior. 

Understanding the various symptoms, from persistent itching to shortness of breath, is critical for diagnosing and effectively treating dog allergies.

  • Itchiness

Itching is a common allergy symptom in dogs, and it causes scratching or biting. It is frequently accompanied by redness and indicates a possibility of skin irritation or allergic reactions that require relief and relief.

  • Hives

In dogs, hives appear as raised, red welts on the skin, indicating an allergic reaction. These itchy, swollen areas can appear unexpectedly and may indicate allergies to various allergens.

  • Swelling of the face, ears, lips, eyelids, or earflaps

In dogs, edema can manifest as eye bags on the face, ears, lips, eyelids, or ear folds. This allergic reaction can be caused by various substances, which must be identified and treated as soon as possible.

  • Red, inflamed skin

A standard dog allergy symptom is red, inflamed skin, frequently accompanied by itching. This reaction suggests a possible allergic reaction to various substances, necessitating veterinary care for diagnosis and treatment.

  • Diarrhea

An allergic reaction or gastrointestinal upset causes diarrhea in dogs. Loose, watery stools characterize it and may indicate sensitivity to certain foods, medications, or environmental factors, necessitating veterinary evaluation and treatment.

  • Vomiting

Vomiting in dogs can be an allergic reaction or a reaction to various triggers. It expels stomach contents and indicates food, medication, or environmental sensitivity.

  • Sneezing

Sneezing in dogs is a common allergic reaction often triggered by environmental irritants. It may indicate pollen, dust, or other allergen sensitivities, necessitating medical attention for respiratory comfort.

  • Itchy ears

Itchy ears in dogs can indicate allergies. Consistent scratching or shaking of the head may indicate an environmental or food sensitivity, necessitating a veterinary examination for proper diagnosis and treatment.

  • Chronic ear infections

Allergies may be linked to chronic ear infections in dogs. Repeated inflammation, itching, and discharge indicate an underlying allergic reaction requiring a veterinary examination to determine and treat the cause.

  • Itchy, runny eyes

Itching and watery eyes are common allergy symptoms in dogs. Watery discharge and redness may indicate hypersensitivity to environmental factors or allergens, necessitating veterinary examination and treatment.

  • Constant licking

Constant licking in dogs could be an allergy symptom. Excessive licking, particularly on the paws or other parts of the body, may indicate skin irritation or discomfort and necessitate veterinary testing for underlying allergens.

Contact us today to learn more about Dogs in Missouri

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We carefully plan each mating and place a high value on the health of our puppies. Follow us on Facebook for information on new litters and puppies for sale. We enjoy what we do: raise adorable puppies and bring joy to families. 

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Understanding and treating dog allergies is critical to our dog’s health. Determining whether the allergy is related to food, environmental factors, or specific medications is critical. 

A veterinary consultation is required for an accurate diagnosis and an individualized treatment plan. Proactive management, whether through dietary changes, allergy medications, or environmental controls, allows dogs to live healthier, happier lives.