Bernese Mountain Dogs, native to the Swiss Alps, are more than just pets; they are cherished family members. With their striking tri-colored coats and friendly conduct, Bernese Mountain Dogs perfectly combine beauty and functionality. They are affectionate and loyal companions who make excellent watchdogs. 

This blog will teach you everything you need to know about these lovely creatures, from their history and unique characteristics to care tips and the joy they bring to families worldwide. Continue reading to discover the adorable Bernese Mountain Dog.

Key Takeaways:

  • Originally from the Swiss Alps, Bernese Mountain Dogs were initially working dogs on farms, helping with various tasks.
  • Known for their tri-colored coat that combines black, white, and rust-colored markings, Bernese Mountain Dogs have a majestic and striking appearance.
  • Despite their size, they are gentle giants who build strong bonds with families and are particularly good with children.
  • Reflecting their history as versatile working dogs, they are adaptable to various activities and training, making them suitable for various lifestyles.
  • Responsible care includes regular grooming, exercise, a nutritious diet, and veterinary exams to address potential health problems.
  • Bernese Mountain Dogs can be prone to health problems such as hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, patellar luxation, and some tumors that require proactive health management.
  • Calm and loving companions, visually impressive, patient with children, and adaptable to various activity levels.
  • Prospective owners are advised to consider space requirements and possible health problems such as hip dysplasia and cancer.

What is a Bernese Mountain Dog Breed?

What is a Bernese Mountain Dog Breed?

The Bernese Mountain Dog, also known as the “Bernese,” is a large, strong breed native to Switzerland’s Alps. These dogs are visually appealing and affectionate, thanks to their distinctive tri-colored coat with deep black, bright white, and rust-colored markings.

Bernese Mountain Dogs were initially bred as versatile working dogs to assist farmers with herding livestock, pulling wagons, and guarding farms. They have transitioned from their professional roots to beloved family companions and are known for their kind nature and loyalty.

The Bernese Mountain Dog has a well-deserved reputation as a beloved family member due to its friendly nature and attractive appearance.

History of Bernese Mountain Puppies

History of Bernese Mountain Puppies

The Bernese Mountain Dog’s history is intertwined with the agricultural landscapes of Switzerland. Bernese Mountain Dogs were developed as versatile working companions for farmers in the Swiss Alps. These tough dogs made a living by herding livestock, pulling wagons, and guarding farms.

The breed’s origins can be traced back to Roman times when mastiff-type dogs were introduced to the region. Over time, these dogs were crossed with local breeds, giving rise to the Bernese Mountain Dog we know today.

Bernese Mountain puppies have quickly become very popular due to their friendly attitude and loyalty despite their traditional challenging working role. His adaptability, intelligence, and irresistible charm marked his transition from a working dog to a beloved pet. 

Bernese Mountain puppies continue to bring joy and companionship to families worldwide, cementing their place as cherished furry family members.

Characteristics of Bernese Mountain Dogs

Bernese Mountain Dogs represent a harmonious blend of strength and sweetness with their striking tricolor coats and gentle demeanor. Discover the adorable qualities that make them popular companions all over the world.

  • Bernese Mountain Dogs Appearance

Bernese Mountain Dogs Appearance

Bernese Mountain Dogs are distinguished by their majestic appearance. They have a stocky build, eye-catching tri-colored fur, and a friendly face. They captivate with their unmistakable charm and a striking combination of black, white, and rust-colored markings.

  • Bernese Mountain Dogs Personality 

Bernese Mountain Dogs Personality 

Bernese Mountain Dogs are loyal companions known for their gentle and affectionate nature. They thrive on human interaction and are patient and calm. Their outgoing personalities make them ideal pets for adding joy and warmth to any home.

  • Bernese Mountain Dogs Size

Bernese Mountain Dogs Size

These gentle giants are large dogs that stand between 23 and 27.5 inches tall at the shoulder. Males with a muscular build weigh between 80 and 115 pounds, while females weigh between 70 and 95 pounds. Her commanding yet approachable presence makes her both impressive and approachable.

  • Bernese Mountain Dogs Coat

Bernese Mountain Dogs Coat

The Bernese Mountain Dog’s coat is a distinguishing feature, with a thick, long, and silky tri-colored coat. They have a striking appearance due to the combination of deep black, bright white, and rich rust spots. Regular grooming is required to keep the luxurious coat in good condition and comfortable.

  • Bernese Mountain Dogs Temperament

Bernese Mountain Dogs Temperament

Bernese Mountain Dogs are known for being gentle, affectionate, patient, and friendly. They form close bonds with their families and are especially good with children. Although they can be wary of strangers, their natural calm and loyalty make them excellent companions for various lifestyles.

  • Bernese Mountain Dogs Lifespan

Bernese Mountain Dogs Lifespan

A Bernese Mountain Dog has an average life expectancy of 7 to 10 years. They, like many large breeds, are susceptible to specific health issues, such as hip dysplasia and certain types of cancer. Regular veterinary examinations, a well-balanced diet, and a healthy lifestyle contribute to their well-being and longevity.

Caring For a Bernese Mountain Dog

Caring For a Bernese Mountain Dog

Caring for a Bernese Mountain Dog entails more than just providing food and shelter; it also entails nurturing their gentle spirit and meeting their needs. Discover the fundamentals of responsible puppy care.

  • Grooming

Grooming a Bernese Mountain Dog is more than a chore; it is a love ritual. Bernese Mountain Dogs have luxurious coats that need to be groomed regularly. Brushing the coat several times weekly will help prevent matting and shedding. A bath now and then keeps the coat clean and fresh.

  • Exercise

Regular exercise is essential for these energetic dogs. Daily walks, play, and mental stimulation are all necessary for happiness and health. Engaging activities also help Bernese Mountain Dogs and their owners form stronger bonds.

  • Diet

A nutrient-dense diet is critical for the Bernese Mountain Dog’s health. A high-quality dog food tailored to his size and age will help him grow and maintain his overall health. A veterinarian can assist you in developing a diet plan that is tailored to your dog’s specific requirements.

  • Veterinary care

Bernese Mountain Dogs require regular veterinary examinations. Vaccinations, preventative treatment for common breed-related issues, and dental exams all help to improve their overall health. Treatment of health issues on time ensures that these cherished companions live long and happy lives.

Bernese Mountain Dog Health Issues

Bernese Mountain Dog Health Issues

Although Bernese Mountain Dogs are admired for their gentle nature and striking appearance, they, like all breeds, can suffer from health issues. Understanding these issues is essential for providing early care.

  • Hip dysplasia   

Hip dysplasia is a condition in Bernese mountain dogs where the hip joint does not develop normally, resulting in a loose joint. Growth rate, hormones, diet, and exercise can all impact this. Hip dysplasia can lead to degenerative joint disease and osteoarthritis. This arthritis causes discomfort, limping, and difficulty standing.

  • Elbow dysplasia

Elbow dysplasia is a common disease in Bernese mountain dogs, affecting one-third to two-thirds. Part of the surface of the bones in the elbow joints develops abnormally or is damaged in this disease. As a result, fragments break off into the elbow joints, causing chronic arthritis to develop. 

  • Patellar luxation

Patellar luxation is a common problem in smaller dogs. In this condition, a dog’s knee cap (patella) slips out of the groove it is supposed to stay in. It can result in cartilage damage, inflammation, pain, and even ligament tears. 

  • Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA)

PRA is a hereditary disease that causes vision loss. Early detection is aided by regular eye exams and responsible breeding practices, while supportive care can improve the quality of life for affected Bernese Mountain Dogs.

  • Cataracts

Cataracts are a common disease in Bernese mountain dogs, and they cause cloudiness in the eyes. Regular eye exams, antioxidants, and shielding their eyes from UV rays all help to prevent and manage this condition.

  • Allergies

Allergies in Bernese mountain dogs are commonly revealed as skin problems. Identifying and avoiding allergens, regular grooming, and a nutritious diet according to their needs can all help reduce symptoms and promote overall skin health.

  • Histiocytic sarcoma

Histiocytic sarcoma is an aggressive cancer that is common in Bernese mountain dogs. Early detection through regular vet check-ups, genetic screening, and prompt treatment are crucial in handling this disease effectively. 

Pros and Cons of Bernese Mountain Dogs as Pets

Pros and Cons of Bernese Mountain Dogs as Pets


  • Bernese Mountain Dogs are gentle giants known for their calm and loving nature, making them excellent companions for families and individuals.
  • Berneses have a strong bond with their owners and are devoted to them. Their participation contributes to a sense of security and belonging to the family.
  • These dogs are generally patient and tolerant, making them suitable for children. Their welcoming demeanor and protective instincts make for a secure environment for families.
  • Bernese Mountain Dogs are visually stunning with their tri-colored coats and majestic appearance. Those looking for a dog with a distinct and eye-catching appearance are frequently drawn to them.
  • Bernese Mountain Dogs were initially bred for various tasks on Swiss farms, demonstrating their adaptability. Their adaptability and willingness to participate in activities and training reflect their history as working dogs.
  • Despite its size, the Bernese has a moderate amount of energy. Daily walks and free time are sufficient, making them appropriate for families of varying activity levels.


  • Bernese Mountain Dogs require a lot of space to move around because of their size. Smaller residential complex owners may need help to meet their space requirements.
  • Specific health issues, such as hip dysplasia and cancer, are common in Bernese Mountain Dogs. Regular veterinary examinations and proactive health management are required to manage these issues.

Contact Us Today To Learn More About Our Bernese Mountain Dog Puppies In Missouri

Awesome Paws Of Missouri is proud to stand by our promise to provide you with the healthiest and happiest Bernese Mountain Dog puppies available. Our parents go through rigorous DNA Embark testing to ensure the well-being of every puppy we place in a loving home with a 100% genetic health guarantee. 

Our dedication extends to careful breeding practices, inbreeding prevention, and in-depth family line research. Keep updated on farm events, new litter, and available puppies by liking us on Facebook. 

Contact us today or submit your application to learn how we can bring top-quality Bernese Mountain Dog puppies to Missouri families.

Awesome Paws of Missouri has a broader range of breeders, including:



In short, immersing yourself in the world of Bernese Mountain Dogs promises a journey filled with love, loyalty, and the joyful presence of these gentle giants. These dogs bring a unique blend of beauty and practicality to homes thanks to their striking appearance and versatile working heritage. 

Understanding their needs, health concerns, and required commitment ensures harmonious companionship. Begin the journey of sharing your life with a Bernese Mountain Dog, and may it be filled with countless moments of joy and unconditional love.